Several clinical and non-clinical risk factors for stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation have been identified, and clinically useful classification schemes have been developed to facilitate risk stratification in these patients.

Both a history of hypertension and systolic blood pressure >160 mmHg have been shown to be consistent independent risk factors for stroke, resulting in a twofold increase in stroke risk.

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Citation: Asia-Pacific Cardiology 2011;3(1):30–2